Home sales volume and price peaks

By  Bradley Markano • May 19th, 2011 • Category: Charts

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This article looks at home sales volume, and discusses California trends in home buying and selling.

Chart Last Updated 5/17/11

April 2011 March 2011 April 2010
Southern CA
18,344
19,412
20,299
Northern CA
16,858
17,005
17,609

CA Total

35,202
36,417
37,908

Yearly Home Sales Chart Last Updated 1/23/11

2005 2008 2009 2010
NorCal 398,174 191,809 219,460 192,979
SoCal 355,698 201,894 245,331 228,655
Total 753,876 404,820 465,054 421,634

Data courtesy of MDA Dataquick

The above charts track sales of single family residences (SFRs) on a month to month and annual basis. This includes all resales and new homes in CA, including new homes sold directly by the builder.

Recent sales numbers suggest the upcoming year will be characterized by a bumpy plateau in home sales volume.  Although volume and prices will slip during the first half of 2011, little overall change from 2010’s numbers will come about before early- to mid-2012. The state of stasis will continue until California employment and homebuyer confidence improve dramatically.

In the absence of a significant improvement in volume and pricing, real estate sales will continue to be driven solely by temporarily lowered interest rates and slipping prices. While these factors are likely to spark a bounce in sales before the end of 2011, any sales increase will be met by a corresponding rise in mortgage rates. [For more on the influence of rates on home sales, see the first tuesday Market Chart, Buyer Purchasing Power.]

Read More first tuesday Analysis
(last updated May 2011)

Causes for the rise and fall

The trend in California home sales during the initial years of the 2010s remains grim for sellers, since sales have been excessively lender-driven, speculator riddled and easily predictable for single family residential (SFR) agents and their brokers. The center of all this action is the multiple listing service (MLS), the economic marketplace for all those affiliated with SFR sales and the financial base for the lifestyle of those agents and their brokers who are SFR-reliant.

For a forward look, some review of the recent past is needed to set the stage. Mid-2005 saw sales volume peak for all types of real estate in California. Early 2006 produced both the peak in sales prices and the initial precipitous decline in sales volume, with nearly 30% fewer recorded sales than in 2005. 2007 saw a drop in sales volume of 30% from 2006.

2009 sales were higher than anticipated due to subsidized purchases, but remained 39% below the 2005 peak year. 2010 saw a decline from the year earlier in both sales volume and prices. The continued widespread overpricing by sellers and listing agents kept buyers away from the more expensive housing market, the effect of the sticky price phenomenon.

2008 and 2009 introduced massive quantities of real estate owned (REO) re-sales. Resales continue to arrive in a slowly declining trend, and will continue for years until REOs return to their historic norms.  These lender-owned properties were dumped at price reductions and on terms for payment and escrowing which attracted too high a percentage of investors and speculators to support sales volume for the long-term (and definitely caused actual homebuyers to be crowded out).

In turn, the speculators and own-to-let users artificially drove 2008 and 2009 sales volume above 2007 sales, with a sales volume peak in July 2009. This 2008-2009 fast-track rise and sudden peak represents the classic initial “dead cat bounce” in a real estate recession.  Sales volume (and prices) in 2011 is headed back for lower, long-term levels and will not likely hit a bottom, on which the recovery of real estate can then begin, until well into 2012 or early 2013.

Now fast-forward into 2011 and 2012. In 2010, unemotional, objective real estate factors combined to push down sales volume in spite of tax credit stimulus to bridge homesales and get the market moving again (the last homebuyer’s tax credit, in 1975, was in retrospect unnecessary to boost real estate sales, but then we had major consumer inflation, and in this recession we have none).

As a result, sales volume will likely stabilize between the end of 2011 and mid 2012 and will most likely remain level as a vacillating trough in sales volume for 12-18 months. In 2013 or early 2014, monthly sales volume is predicted to pick up from the current plateau.

Anticipate modest price increases to follow, in 2014, with pricing and volume probably peaking during the 2016-2018 period. Short term interest rates will rise at a point in the interim to keep a lid on the recovery (as they did in both 1984 and 1994), then decline into 2016.

The real estate market is now settling into a long recessionary winter of waiting, with little warmth provided by homebuyers; they simply are not available in sufficient numbers (and, in fact, were presold for the following couple of years, reducing what would otherwise be 2011 sales, thanks to the 2009 first time homebuyer tax credits).

At some point in the mid-to-late 2010s, another wave of investors and an upsurge of household formations by the net-geners will kick-start the sales volume, and in turn, drive pricing momentum upward once again. Keep your eyes on the demands of buyers (not sellers, median prices, or the MLS inventory). Homebuyer demand is driven by age demographics, interest rates, tax credits, and new jobs; you fail to consider these factors at your peril.

Many favorable market factors are currently at work:

  • lower income taxes beginning in 2011 (for 95% of homebuyers);
  • increasing number of  new jobs, as job losses bottomed out in 2010;
  • expiration of government-subsidized down payments (tax credits of $6,500 and $8,000 homebuyer grants, both ended April 30, 2010);
  • government largess in the form of direct lender subsidies for loan modifications on modestly upside-down mortgages;
  • much lower high-tier home prices (as well as more price declines in the low-tier and mid-range homes);
  • no competitive new construction starts;
  • high levels of MLS inventories for better selection at lower prices (fueled by a rise in REOs and a drop in speculator participation as buyers);
  • increased short sales (lenders will discount, since they are beginning to get more realistic about taking on REO risks and as the Attorney General’s office litigates to push foreclosure resolutions);
  • growing consumer confidence and spending;
  • the recapitalization of PMI to eventually replace government guarantees of home mortgages; and
  • increased congressional awareness of the need to grant cramdown authority to bankruptcy judges on SFRs (although killed in congress for the third time in December 2009).

However, sales volume will be inhibited by the public’s generally anti-business, anti-big, and pessimistic attitude about American economics which has methodically intensified since 1980. In addition to the fact the public has a generally negative bias about businesses, many unfavorable market conditions are still at work restraining sales volume from rising;

  • deflationary pressure on consumer and real estate prices (labor and materials for replacement of improvements and the price of land have become less expensive, commodity price jumps delivering no long term inflation rates as they will not continue to rise indefinitely, and will eventually return to normal);
  • increased personal savings (will hurt sales volume now but increase sales volume in 2013 and beyond);
  • impending stockholder wealth – while significant at the moment – will decline as the boomer generation dis-saves by continuing to leave the stock market (though not the real estate market: as those who sell their homes will nearly always buy a replacement home);
  • weakest homebuyer demographics in 15 years (boomers retiring and selling in the 2018-20 time period, the same period that will see the smaller, but still significant, group of their Net-generation children peak in their pace of household formations and first time homeownership);
  • excessive rental vacancies and reduced rents (landlords competing to rent excess shelter at a better value than a home purchase);
  • the temporary exodus of SFR speculators and income property investors, and the dumping of properties acquired by speculators in 2008 – 2010, followed by speculator dumping of larger income properties;
  • lease-option and land sales contract schemes exposed (due-on violations, reassessment avoidance and judicial foreclosures – including actions on wiped out home equity loans);
  • scandals in mortgage loan modification services and the status quo or pick up in the pace of foreclosures;
  • the slower than usual recovery of the 1,500,000 jobs lost statewide after November 2007; and
  • tightened lender standards as lenders are further forced to apply the forgotten fundamentals of sound mortgage lending practices (20% down payment on all non-FHA loans, and FHA down payments as low as  5%,, lower income ratios, the need for risk-free credit scores and full verification/documentation of income and funds for qualifying).

Future sales volume analysis by SFR brokers and their agents will indicate they need to consider adding SFR-related services to supplement their income. Those that do add related services will restructure their practice as all-service brokers by integrating transaction-related services to remain solvent and grow. SFR brokers should consider performing services for their clients such as:

  • escrowing their transactions in-house under the broker’s license;
  • entering into or expanding property management (a recession-proof service);
  • inspecting vacant homes and issuing BPOs for REO lenders;
  • negotiating equity purchases for investors from sellers-in-foreclosure who have a positive equity or the chance of a short sale discount;
  • demanding that prospective buyers commit to exclusive representations through a broker and his agent to locate a home (or other property) by signing an exclusive right-to-buy listing agreement just as sellers are asked to do when they employ brokers and their listing agents;
  • specializing (in particular property types, loan forms, locations, and sales approaches);
  • providing mortgage loan broker services for business loan origination by private lenders (no endorsement or registration required);
  • arranging carryback financing with loan assumptions (and buying and selling those carrybacks);
  • negotiating options to buy;
  • exchanging properties with equities to help owners relocate their wealth held in real estate; or
  • using barter credits in lieu of greenbacks, etc.

Note: Southern California numbers correspond to MDA Dataquick’s selection of  the most populous SoCal counties, and include  Los  Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura counties. NorCal numbers  include all counties not listed.

– ftCopyright © 2011 by the first tuesday Journal Online – firsttuesdayjournal.com;
P.O. Box 20069, Riverside, CA 92516

Readers are encouraged to reproduce and/or distribute this article.

Copyright © 2011 by first tuesday Realty Publications, Inc. Readers are encouraged to reprint or distribute this information with credit given to the first tuesday Journal  Online — P.O. Box 20069, Riverside, CA 92516.

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